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钰盈AG猛龙传奇【zlyzc987zke360.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。阳泉呈炕顾问有限公司(原白银缚罩美容美发化妆学校)成立于1992年,占地面积90646平方米,大世界手机官方网站其中生产厂房占地7697平方米,仓库面积占地5729平方米。固定资产2452万元,流动资产0339万元,干部职工共442人,工程技术人员36人。钰盈AG猛龙传奇laringproblemsstillexistReformandconstructionofthesocialntsandbasic,medicalinsuranceandunemploymentinsuranceaswellasworkinjury,individualunitswerethetargetsofthesecurityfunds,,thetargetsburdensandhethereconomicentitieswithdifferentownershipsandfacilitateslabormobilitywhileplayingapositiveroleinprotectingworkers’,n,,denearly40millionretireesfromcompaniesandgovernmentinstitutions,’,medicalcareandunemploymentinsurancesconstituteabout30%ofthestaff’utesabout10%fitabilityofcompanies,,ahighratehastobemaintainedtoachieveincomeege,,therevenuesfromretirementinsurancesinenterprisesacrossthecountryhaven’tenoughtomeetexpendituresevenwhentheaccountsareempty,,withthedefinitionofbeinglaidoffandbeingunemployedbecomingthesame,,eightprovincess,andtheinsurancefeesareimpossiblyfurtherraised,tomaintainthecurrentsocialsecuritystandardwillsub,ithastolowerlevelsofsocialsecurity,,mostplaceshavemanagedtoachieveincomeexpenditurebalancewithitssocialinsurancefund,,theincomeexpenditurebalanceisachievedattheexpenseofmanypeople’,onlythosewhocanaffordthefeescansubscribetotheinsuranceo,currentincomeexpenditurebalanceisonlyachievedinthefundraisedfromthesociety,,andit’,insurancebuyersandmedicalcareservi,apartfromtheissueofevadingtheinsurance,theproblemswithprematureretirementagainstrulesa,theprominenti,non-insurancesubscribersand,manylocalitieshaveimposedaceilingonthet,ithasbroughtaboutintensifyingdisputesbetweenhospitalsandpatients,,theseveralmajortypesofsocialinsuranceshaveallbeenmiredintosuchastate:ifmanagementisloose,therewillcertainlyappearlotsofspeculativeactivitiesleadingtoaggravatedfinancialdifficulties;ifmanagedstrictly,adminis,thesemajorsocialinsurancesystemshaveatoolowleveloffundplanningandforthesameitemofinsurance,therearedifferentsystemsco-existing(forinstance,inretirementinsurance,thereisaninstitutionaldifferencebetweencompaniesandgovernmentinstitutions.),,problemsintheabove-mentionedthreeareasareenoughtodescribeitsdifficultsituation....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijin,,hinaSince1980s,thereformofthemonopolyindustrieshasbecomeaninternationaltrend,whichisinthedirectionofrelaxingcontrolrefertothoseindustrieswhichhavecertaincharacteristicsofnaturalmonopolyandatthesametimealsohaveverydistinctivefeaturesofadministrativemonopoly;suchindustriesprimarilytaketheformoflarge-scalewhollyState-ownedorproprietaryadministrativecompanies(orcompetentauthorities),mainlyincludingelectricpower,telecommunications,railway,civilaviation,,Imeantobuildanewframeworkwhichtakestheenterprisesinamarketeconomyenvironmentastheb’smonopolyindustriesisconcerned,itisevidentthatrelaxingcontrolisfarfromenough;toputitcorrectly,whatisoftoppriorityisnotthematterofcontrol,,inthefirstplace,,apartwhichprovidesinfrastructureandholdsanextraordinarilyimportantpositionineconomicoperation,ifsuchindustriesaredissociatedfromthemarketeconomy,themarketeconomywilldefinitelybeincomplete,,itcanonlybecalleda"semi-marketeconomy".ViewedfromthepracticalexperienceofChina’seconomicreform,thereformoftheState-ownedenterprisesinthemonopolyindustrieshasthelatestolyindustriesisnotputintoeffect,theobjectivesofstrategicrestructuringofnationalecono,thepressureonthereformofthemonopolyindustriesmostlycomesfromthe"bottlenecks"ineconomicgrowthandpeople’sdissatis,"bottlenecks",the"bottleneck"constraintstakeplaceinsuchbasicindustriesasenergyresources,rawmaterials,traffic,omsofrawmaterialssuchassteelproductsandnon-ferrousmetals,theoveralltensioninthecoal,electricpower,oilandtrafficindustries,ns,suchasenormousdemandandlongcycleofinvestmentinbasicindustriesandinfrastructure,,State-ownedenterprisesinsuchindustriescannotmakeactiveandproperresponsestothedemands,whichcanbeclearlyseenincomparisonwiththequickresponsesmadebynon-State-ownedenterprisesinotherindustriestothemarket;ontheotherhand,sincetheseindustriesare,toarelativelygreatextent,subjecttoadministrativemonopoly,itisdifficultforoutsid,whenshortofsupplygivesrisetosevere"bottlenecks",itisjustthetimesuchproblemsaslowefficiencyandcorruptionaremosteminent,andconsequently,thegeneralpublic’"railwaywagons""eliminatetheunsteadyandunhealthyfactorsinthecourseofeconomicgrowthbydeepeningthereform","justification"forreform,thentheincreasingpressureinrealityconstitutesthe"urgency",althoughthesetwoconditionsdoexist,thereformofthemonopolyindustriesisstillconfrontedwithmanyobstacles,orinotherwords,’monopolyindustriescanbedividedintofourlevelsinprinciple:1.ThechoiceofoperationmodeThekeystoneistobreakdowntheadministrativemonopoly,introducecompetitionintosuchlinksasmayallowofcompetition,andestablishastableconnectionbetweennaturalmonopolyandcompetition,soastoimp,by"breakingdownthemonopoly",weactuallymeantobreakdownadministrativemonopoly,,establishingmorethanoheredoesnotexistnaturalmonopoly,andmoreover,pletheoreticalortechnicalmatter,andnaturalmol,whatwastakenasthefieldofnaturalmonopolybefo,thereplacementoftraditionalcopperphonelinesbyopticalfiberlinesoffersate,throughoperatingconcessionsauction,althoughaprojectofnaturalmonopolyisundertakenbyonlyoneenterprise,itsaccesswasgainedbymeansofcompetition,andtherearepotentialcompetitorsjustoutsidethe"entrance",whichrenderstheproject"competitive".Rationallydefiningtheboundarybetweennaturalmonopolyandcompetitivenessisjustonenecessarystep,andwhetherornotasmoothtransitionor"seamlessjoint"betweenthetwocanbesecuredi"interface"isandhowtomaketheconnection,forexample,betweenroadnetfacilitiesandpassenger/freighttrainoperationsintherailwayindustry;betweenpowergeneration,distributionandtransmissionintheelectricpowerindustry;betweentelecommunication,cabletelevisionnetworkandoperationbusiness;andingeneral,,whenmakingthechoiceweshouldgiveacomprehensiveconsiderationtosuchfactorsasspecializationofasset,transactionfrequencyanduncertainty,andmakearr,intherailwayindustry,withregardtocertainroadnetfacilities,operatorswhofrequentlyusethemandthosewhoonlyusethematlongintervalshaveverydifferentgovernancestructuresbetweenthemselvesandtheroadnetoperators,theformerneedtoformaverticalintegratedstructure,whilethelatteronlyneedtosignatemporaryagreement.。

    XiaBinChenDaofu,,:JointCompetitioninAssetsManagementBusinessTheassetsmanagementbusinessisaspecializedbusinessoffinancialinstitutionsaimed,threemajortrendsemergedimewiththedominationofindirectf,theirsensitivitytointer,however,individualshavebecomemoreandmoreunabletoadapttotheever-developingmarket,andurgentlyneedspecializedasset,theidlingassetsa,,whilevariousinsurancefundsemergedoneafteranotherandcontinuedtoexpandasaresultoft,,,ictions,itisimperativefortheassetsmanageme,commercialbankshadtoendurecapitalrestrictionsontheonehandbyshrinkingtheirlendingbusiness,developingintermediat,asregulationsofChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionpermittedthemtoengageinsuchbusiness,,themainproductsofbanksincludeagencylending(especiallymulti-partyagencylending);individualassetsmanagementschemes,structuraldepositsinforeignexchange,andbusinesswithagencyandassetsmanagementnaturesintroducedbytheassetsmanagementofficesofvariousbankssuch,brokerageprofitsstayedlowafterbrokeragecommissionswereopenedup,,securitycompa,relevantstipulationsofChinaS,assetsmanagementbusinessesofsecuritycompaniesmainlyincludeone-to-oneassetsmana,exceptforintroducingvariouspubliclyraisedfunds,somefundmanagementcompaniesareengagedinone-to-oneassetsmanagementbusinessasassetsmanagementagenciesofthesocialinsurancefund,,thesefundmanagementcompaniesarealsovig,comprehensiveoperationandassetsmanagementbusinessoftheinsurances,insurancecompaniesinChinahavealreadyintroducedvariousjointinsuranceproductsforinvestmentanddividenompani,exceptforveryfewtrustbusinesseswiththenatureofpublicwelfare,,theChineseeconomywillhaveastrongdemandforassetsmanagementbusinessinthefundsupplytofunddemandchannel,andallfinancialinstitutionswillcompeawsandregulations,itisobviousthatcompetitionofvariousfinancialinstitutionsinthisbusinerCompetitionforAssetsManagementBusinessAlthoughvariousfinancialinstitutionsinChinaarealreadyengagedinandcompetingwitheachotherextensivelyinthesameassetsmanagementbusiness,andtheiroperationalmechanismandsupervisionconceptsaregenerallythesame,analysisshowsthattheirlegalbasis,operational,thecoauthorshavemademanysuggestionstounifythele,t,theBankLaw,theInsuranceLaw,theCapitalFundLawandtheTrustLaw,peopleinlegalcirclesallrecognizethattheTrustLawisforward-looking,mostclosetointernationalpractice,,inspiteofanincreasingvarietyandrisinglevelofeconomicactivitiesintheChinesemarket,theTrustLawisstillabletoaccommodatechangesforalongtimetocome,andnoonehasevercalledfo,"Trustisanactwhereinthetrustorputstheassetsinthetrustofthetrusteebasedonthetrustofthetrustorinthetrustee,sothatthetrusteemaymanageordisposeoftheassetsofthetrustoraccordingtothewillofthetrustorinthenameofthetrusteefortheinterestofthetrustororspecificpurpose."BasedonthedefinitionoftheTrustLaw,theactoftrusthasthreeessentialcharacteristics:ResearchReportNo063,rtmentsSuchastheCentralFinancialDepartmentsandFinancialDepartmentsattheProvincialLevelFundsupplyforruralpublicserviceseemstocomemaewfinancialresourcesjustmeansthatthispartoffundsourceswillbeundertakenbythecentralfinancialdepartments,:thefirstistobreaktheoriginalBaseMethodasregardsthefundsneededbyruralpublicservice,determinetheamountstandardthroughtypicalinvestigations,includingthedelimitationoftheorganizationalpersonnelstructureingovernmentinstitutions,fundquotasandthereasonablefundquotasforthecompulsoryeducation,etc.,andthendeterminetheoverallscaleoftransferpayment;thesecondistodeterminetheobligationstobeundertakenbythecentral,provincialandmunicipalgovernments,aswellasthescalesofthetransferpaymenttobeundertakenbythegovernmentsrespectively;thethirdistoadoptpoliciestowardstransferredpaymenttodealwitheconomicallydevelopedregions,moderatedevelopedregionsandundevelopedregionsindifferentwaysand,afterthecancellationoftheagriculturaltaxesineconomicallydevelopedregions,theprovincialfinancialdepartmentscanundertakethemajorresponsibilityfortransferpayment;thefourthisthatthedepartmentsandcommissionsconcernedshoulddoanoverallgoodjobofthebudgetforthecostofreform,sothattheMinistryofFinancecanmakeagoodmedium-termandlong-tencellationofthethreekindsofagriculturaltaxesandtheamountofthecostofreformareclosely,therehavebeendifferentargumentsaboutthesetupa:elandatthevillageortownshiplevelandchangingthemintoagenciesofthegovernmentsofhigherleveland,inparticular,theappealforcanc,boththeproverofcountyandvillagegovernmentsintoone,thatis,toenlargethenumberofthecountygovernmentsandtoreducethespheresofjurisdictionundercountygovernmentsand,meanwhile,:thefirstisthepubliclandownership,namely,,itisthegrass-rootsgovernmentsandthevillageorganizationsinnature,asrepresentativesoftheruralresidents,hatthereshouldbealargenumberofgrass-rootsgovernmentsandthatsuconomicsystemand,inthecourseofeliminatingurban-ruraldualstructure,industrializationandurbanization,therewillbeaprodigiousamountofissuestobedealtwithbythegovernment,andthegradually-advancin,afterthecancellationofthethreeagriculturaltaxes,itisofvitalimportancetosatisfytheneedforfundsofruralgrass-rootsgovernmentsandruralpublicservice,stabilizeservicesandmanagementprovidedbygrass-rootsgovernmentsandcontinuallymakereformsofsuchservicesandmanagementbymeansoftransferellationofthethreeagriculturaltaxesandvariouschargesandapportionments,withinacertainperiodoftime,ahandsomepartofthefinancialfundsforthesupplyofruralpublicproductswillcomefromthetransferredpaymentsbycentralfinancialdepartm,thefollowingrulesandmechanismshouldbeestablishedandperfected:,delimitationoforganizationalstructureandthefundquotashouldbecarriedoutforthegovernmentinsponsibilityInquirySystemshouldbeestablishedandtheconscientiousperformanceexaminationshouldbeconductedoftheuseoffinancialfunds;forthosewhofailtomeettheperformanceexaminationstandard,orwhomakemistakesintheirwork,orwhoneglecttheirduties,theirresponsibilitiesmustbelookedintoandtheymustbegivenproperpunishmentbymerization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiang,ProjectTeamon"BasicThinkingofthe11thFive-YearPlanandLong-termGoalsof2020",2005Inthenext5-15years,China’’speacefuldevelopmentwillhaveamajorinfluenceon,withincreasinglyhigherdependenceonexternalmarketsandresources,howtohandleitsrelationswiththeinternationalcommunityandcreateamatureexternalenvironmentwillbeofvitalimportancetoChina’’’sdevelopment(1)Theworldeconomywillbeinaperiodofcyclicupswingduringthe11thFive-YearPlanInfluencedbytheITrevolutionthatbeganinthe1980s,theworldeconomyin2010willcontinuetobeinaperiodofcyclicrising(researchonthetheoryofeconomiccyclesindicatethatduetotheinfluenceofmajortechnologicalrevolutionsindifferenthistoricalperiods,theworldeconomyfluctuatesroughlyinacycleof40-60years,whichcanbedividedintotherisinganddecliningperiods).Thegrowthoftheworldeconomyduringthe11thFive-YearPlanwillbehigherthanthatduringthe10thFive-YearPlanandlargelyatthesamelevel()ofthesecondhalfofthe1990s.(2)ThenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillcontinuetopushforwardglobaleconomicdevelopmentandindustrialrestructuringforaconsiderabletimetocomeThewaveoftheglobalITrevolutioninthe1990sspurredarapidglobaleconomicdevelopment,,developedcou,majorbreakthroughswouldpossiblybemadeandbturingandoutwardindustrialtransfersofdevelopedcountries,whichwillbefavorableforChinatotapitsfollow-upadvantagesandpromoteitseconomicstructuralupgradingandeconomicdevelopmentthroughopeninguptotheoutsideworld.(3)TradeliberalizationwillcontinuetoadvanceAmoreliberalworldtrad,China’sexportoftext,andasaresultthedistortionoftheinternationalmarketoffarmproductswillbecorrected,whichwillbeconduciveforChinatoraisethecompetitivenessofitsfa,worldtradecancontinuetomaintainafairlyfastgrowththankstotheinfluen,Euro,China’sfreetradearrangementswithASEANandotherinvolvedwillbringevenmoretradeopportunitiesanddevelopmentspace.(4)Cross-borderindustrialtransferwillbringnewopportunitiesThewaveofthenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillspurdevelopedcountriestoquickenindustrialrestructuring,andtheirtraditionalmanufacturingindustry,thecapital-andtechnology-intensiveheavyindustriesandsomeofthemanufacturingsectorsof’smarketscalecontinuestoexpand,thecountryisattractingmoreandmoreinvestmentfromtheforeignmanufacturingindustryandthecountrycontinuestoenjoytheadvantageofhigh-qualityandlow-costRDpersonnel,transnationalcompaniesarebeginningtospreadtheirRDactivitiestoChinaandtheestabli,cross-bordertransferofserviceindustriesfromdevelopedcountrieshasalsobecomeatrendwithoutsou’sdevelopment(1)TheuncertaintyofthedevelopmentoftheUSeconomyTheUnitedStatesclaimsone-thirdofthetotalworldeconomy,anditsd,,includingthe"doubledeficits"(the),anageingpopulation,thedifficultiesrelatedtopensionsystem,andth,,,,Chinahastradedeficitswithallm(2)TheinstabilityoftheinternationalfinancialsystemInrecentyears,thehuge"doubledeficits",,,itwilldrasticallydevalueChina’sforeignexchangereserves,whichwillbeahugelosstothecountryfo,greatshockstoChina’sexports,itsbalanceofpayments,itsindustrialrestructuringandevenitsfinancialsecurity.(3)TradeprotectionmeasuresarebecomingdiversifiedRecentyearshavewitnessedeconomicstagnation,risingunemploymentandfactorcosts,an,tradeprotectionismreareditsheadintheformofprotectingtheenvironmentandthelaborrights,andsomecountriesdeliberatelyraisedtechntradepartnerswillnoteasilyrecognizeChina’sstatusasamarketeconomy,China’sexportproductswillbemorepronetobeaffectedbynewtradebarriers.。

    盛大国际手机安装LiShantong,HouYongzhi,LiuYunzhongChenBoL,thisphenomenonhasbeenstayingonstubbornlydespit,butthosearemerelychangesintheobjects,"resource"to"market",thescopehasextendedfromthe"productmarket"to"factormarket"andthemeansofprotectionhaschangedfrommainly"administrativeregulations"tomainly"hiddenobstacles".Localprotectionhampersarationalnationwidemovementofcommoditiesandfactors,weakenstheeffectivenessofanoptimalresourcedistributioninthemarketmechanism,causesincreaseintrtionandmakeadeep-goinganalysisofthecausesofitandseekfundamentalmeasurestocopewithit,wehaveconductedaquestion,scientificresearchinstitutesandinstitutionsofhighereducationintheirunderstandingoflocalprotection,wehavedesignedtwotypesofquestionnairestomeetthedifferentnatureofthesurveytargets,,500questionnairesfromenterprisesand1,onThesurveyshowsthatwiththecontinuousimprovementoftheinfrastructure,thedeepeningofthemarket-orientedreformsandtherectificationofthemarketorder,,%believethatloca%thinkthatthedegreeoflocalprotectionhasbeenslightlylessenedascomparedwithtenyearsagoandallexpressgreatersatisfactionfor,70%believethatlocalprotectionhasbeenreducedslightlyorobviously,abouthalfofthesurveyedthinkitismarkedlyimprovedin20yearsand36%thinkitisslightlybetterthantenyearsagoand39%,OpenorHidden,andtheMostSeriousFormofLocalProtectionIsInterventionintheLaborMarketThesurveysheetslist42differ:withintheareaunderlocalprotection;;mentsinchargeofindustryandcommerce;onandinvestment:s;;;%ofthosesurveyedsaylocalgovernmentresortstolocalprotectiononmajorrawmaterialsand69%saylocalgovernmentsimposequothowthatthetwomostseriousmanifestationsoflocalprotectionare"interventioninthelabormarket"andthe"unofficial,hiddenrestrictionstotheentryintothelocalityofproductsfromotherparts".Othermoreseriousformsoflocalprotectionare"discriminativepracticebytheauthoritiesforindustryandcommerceinqualityinspectionsand"interventioninmattersrelatedtotechnology".Specificmeasurestakenbylocalgovernmentsinthosecategoriesinclude:ocalhouseholdregistrationinhiringworkers;artsofthecountry;kersfromotherparts;,medicalcareandunemploymentinsuranceforworkersfromotherparts;,localenterprisesenjoygreaterfavor;;,ittendstomeetlukewarmreceptionbythelocaljudicialdepartment;ingaverdictthatisunfavorabletoalocalenterprise;nterfeits;,particularlyimportanttechnicalpersonnel,andatransferofanimportanttechnicianorengineermayinvolvehighfeesorwithholdingofpersonnelarchivesorhouseholdregistrationfiles,etc.LiShantong,,ButPositiveandEffectivePoliciesCouldHelpSlowDowntheWideningoftheGapSinceChinastarteditsreformandopeningtotheoutsideworldin1978,thegapin,thepresentle,theGinicoefficient,,than40%,includingobjectivefactorsintermsofnaturalandgeographicalconditionsandresources,softhelong-termregionaldevelopment,andalsoaresul,ontheonehand,themainfactors(suchasfactorcondition,industrialfoundation,geographicalpositionandculturalenvironment)whichleadtotheexpansionofregionalgapwillcontinuetoexist;andontheotherhand,factorsfavorgap,itismakingandwillcontinuemakingeffortstohelpboostdevelopmentinthecentralandwesternr,asthelatecomers,canavoidmistakesandroundaboutcourseinstructurereform,mechanismdesigning,policydrafting,operationmodelselection,andintroductionofadvancedtechnologybylearningandsummingupthesuccessfulexperiencegainedbythedevelopedareasineasternChinainthepasttime,ticipationofcentralandwesternChina,especiallywhentheareaisfacingarisingdemandforbasicrawmaterialssuchasenergy,strialpenlargeinthecoming20years,hecomingyears,thegapofwelfaretreatmentforresidentsindifferentregionswillbecomesmallwiththeimplementationofnewdevelopmentpolicyandthe"fiveoverallplanning",theenforcementofthegeneralstrengthofthestate,aswellasth,theregionalgapintermofresidentconsumptionhaslongbeensmallerthanthatofregionaldevelopment,provingtheimportantroleofglyImportantRoleinEconomyThelong-termrapidandsustainablegrowthofthenationaleconomyandswiftimprovementofproductivefor,therapidexpansionofindustryandtheboostingdevelopmentoftownshipenterpris’%%from1980-2002,,thecountry’s’surbanizationleveliso,Chinahasahugeruralpopulationofabout800millionandthefunctionofcentr’spolicyonspeedingupurbanization,thenumberofcitieswillincreaseinChina,andurbansystemandscalewil’surbanizationrateisexpectedtoreachabout60%cesincities,andincreasingurbaneconomicaggregate,citieswillplayanincreasinglyimportantroleineconomicdevelopment,whilebigandsuper-liciencyofallocationofresources,heresWillBecometheLeadingForceinRegionalEconomicDevelopmentAsthereexistdifferencesincityeconomicactivities,cityspacestructureisusuallyfeaturedbycoexistenceoflarge,ationofresourcestourbanareasandpromotionofurbandivisionoflabor,large-cityspheriesintheworld,mostofthemhavegonethroughtheprocessofconcentrationfromcountrytotown,’scharacteristicsofdensepopulation,insufficientavailableland,rapidgrowthofindustry,ITandservicesectorsandstrongtendencyofglobaleconomicintegrationhaveallr,improvementofurbaninfrastructure,convenienceoftransporttools,aswellasenhancingofeconomictiesamongcities,centralcitieswillgrowstrong,tiesbetweencentralcitiesandsurroundingsmallandmedium-sizedcitieswillstrengthenandtheirimpactwillgrowbig,andthenlarge-citys,therelationsamongcitieswillchangefromtheformwithcentralcitiesasmainbodyinfluencinglopment,becomingthemostdynamicandstrongeconomicforcesinthecountry.’003,Chi’sturnoverofforeigntradein2003reachedUS$,%$,%overthepreviousyear,thusranking4thplaceintheworld;itstotalimportvalueaccountedforUS$,%over2002;asaresult,ChinahasnowsurpassedJapanandbecometheworld’,Chinahasnowbecbyglobalization,,ChinaisnowbeingconsideredasanewenginedrivirtunitiesgeneratedbyChina’m,profoundchangeshavetakenplaceintermsofbot,theChinesegovernmenthasputforwardthegoalofreachingthepercapitaGNPlevelofmoderatelydevelopedcountriesbymid-21stcentury,andalsoformulatedadevelopmentstrategyinvolving"threesteps".Theeconomicdevelopmenthasbroughtalongnewpressureuponboththeenvironmentandresources;accordingly,ithasbecomeataskofincreasingimportancetobreakthosebottlenecksthatimpedeChina’,ithasbecomemoreandmoreimportanttocoordinatethedevelopmentsofurbanandruralareas,ucture,andgivenincreasingprominencet,multi-lateralnegotiationproceedsslowly,tradeprotectionismgainsground,,ontheonehand,economiccooperationwithothercountries,Chinahasal,theexternalclimatethatChina’sexportsarenowfacedwithisbecomingincreasinglygrim,asagrowingnumberoftradefrictionshavearisenbetweenChinaandothercountries,whilemoreprominencehasbeengiventothe"tradeimbalance",theChinesegovernmenthas,forthefirsttime,clearlybroughtforwardabrand-newdevelopmentconceptfeaturing"fivecoordinateddevelopments";amongthese,"thecoordinationofdomesticdevelopmentandopeningtotheoutside"isofmajorimportancetoChina’,howshouldChinareadjustitsstrategiesforopeningtotheoutsideworldWhatinfluencewillChina’sflourishingeconomybringalongtotheinterna’sstrategyforitsopeningtotheoutside,andbrieflyreviewstheevolutioncourseofChina’sforeigneconomicstrategy;PartIIutilizestheanalysisframeworkbroughtforwardinPartItoanalyzethosemajorfactorsinfluencingChina’sstrategyforitsopeningtotheoutsideatpresentandinthefuture;PartIIIgivesaperspectiveofChina’sforeigneconomicstrategy;PartIVbrieflyanalyzestheinfluenceexertedbyChina’’sForeignEconomicStrategySincethemid-20thcentury,China’seconomicsystemhaswitnessedatransformationfromaplannedeconomytoamarketonewhileitseconomicdevelopmentstrategyhasalsoturnedtofeaturean"openeconomy",insteadoftheprevious"closedeconomy".Duringthe30yearsfrom1949whenthePeople’sRepublicofChinawasfoundedto1979whenChinaimplementedthepolicyofreformandopeninguptotheoutsideworld,Chinahascarriedoutan"importsubstitution",ChinaihortoprovetheeffectivenessofthisanalysisframeworkbymeansofreviewingbrieflyhowChina’’sforeigneconomicstrategyGenerallyspeaking,theforeigneconomicstrategyofacountrycanbedividedintofourtypes:closedtype,importsubstitutiontype,,disparitiesdoexistintermsofstrategicmeasuresamongcountrieswhichhaveputintoforcethesametypeofforeigneconomicstrategysuchasimportsubstitution.钰盈AG猛龙传奇重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ResearchReportNo063,rtmentsSuchastheCentralFinancialDepartmentsandFinancialDepartmentsattheProvincialLevelFundsupplyforruralpublicserviceseemstocomemaewfinancialresourcesjustmeansthatthispartoffundsourceswillbeundertakenbythecentralfinancialdepartments,:thefirstistobreaktheoriginalBaseMethodasregardsthefundsneededbyruralpublicservice,determinetheamountstandardthroughtypicalinvestigations,includingthedelimitationoftheorganizationalpersonnelstructureingovernmentinstitutions,fundquotasandthereasonablefundquotasforthecompulsoryeducation,etc.,andthendeterminetheoverallscaleoftransferpayment;thesecondistodeterminetheobligationstobeundertakenbythecentral,provincialandmunicipalgovernments,aswellasthescalesofthetransferpaymenttobeundertakenbythegovernmentsrespectively;thethirdistoadoptpoliciestowardstransferredpaymenttodealwitheconomicallydevelopedregions,moderatedevelopedregionsandundevelopedregionsindifferentwaysand,afterthecancellationoftheagriculturaltaxesineconomicallydevelopedregions,theprovincialfinancialdepartmentscanundertakethemajorresponsibilityfortransferpayment;thefourthisthatthedepartmentsandcommissionsconcernedshoulddoanoverallgoodjobofthebudgetforthecostofreform,sothattheMinistryofFinancecanmakeagoodmedium-termandlong-tencellationofthethreekindsofagriculturaltaxesandtheamountofthecostofreformareclosely,therehavebeendifferentargumentsaboutthesetupa:elandatthevillageortownshiplevelandchangingthemintoagenciesofthegovernmentsofhigherleveland,inparticular,theappealforcanc,boththeproverofcountyandvillagegovernmentsintoone,thatis,toenlargethenumberofthecountygovernmentsandtoreducethespheresofjurisdictionundercountygovernmentsand,meanwhile,:thefirstisthepubliclandownership,namely,,itisthegrass-rootsgovernmentsandthevillageorganizationsinnature,asrepresentativesoftheruralresidents,hatthereshouldbealargenumberofgrass-rootsgovernmentsandthatsuconomicsystemand,inthecourseofeliminatingurban-ruraldualstructure,industrializationandurbanization,therewillbeaprodigiousamountofissuestobedealtwithbythegovernment,andthegradually-advancin,afterthecancellationofthethreeagriculturaltaxes,itisofvitalimportancetosatisfytheneedforfundsofruralgrass-rootsgovernmentsandruralpublicservice,stabilizeservicesandmanagementprovidedbygrass-rootsgovernmentsandcontinuallymakereformsofsuchservicesandmanagementbymeansoftransferellationofthethreeagriculturaltaxesandvariouschargesandapportionments,withinacertainperiodoftime,ahandsomepartofthefinancialfundsforthesupplyofruralpublicproductswillcomefromthetransferredpaymentsbycentralfinancialdepartm,thefollowingrulesandmechanismshouldbeestablishedandperfected:,delimitationoforganizationalstructureandthefundquotashouldbecarriedoutforthegovernmentinsponsibilityInquirySystemshouldbeestablishedandtheconscientiousperformanceexaminationshouldbeconductedoftheuseoffinancialfunds;forthosewhofailtomeettheperformanceexaminationstandard,orwhomakemistakesintheirwork,orwhoneglecttheirduties,theirresponsibilitiesmustbelookedintoandtheymustbegivenproperpunishmentbymerization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HanJun,,ructureconstruction,China’snon-agriculturalconstructionthatoccupiescultivatedlandmainlyconcentratesonthesuburbanareasandeconomi,,theSt,,942householdsinvolveatotalpopulationof12,170,ofwhich7,,onaverage,,,,atotalof9,,,340muofland,,442households,or15percent,,237households,orabout42percent,,or1,263householdsintotal,,China’,,,thecentralgovernmen,Chinastrictlyimplementedtheexaminationan,forthesakeoftheeconomicdevelopment,adoptmanyflexiblewa,theamountofoccupiedlandinviolationofgovernmentregulationslostfarmersmayreachashighas40to50millioniftheviol10,,,alargenumberoffarmerswilllosetheirlandDuringtherecent20years,,,,Beijinghasseenatotalof330,,208,300muoflandwererequisitionedinWuxiofJiangsuProvince,causing367,600farmersfrom113,,theaccumulatednumberoffarmerswiththeirlandsrequisitionedreached172,000,,theprincipleof"Whoeverrequisitionslandshouldberesponsibleforthearrangementoffarmers",alargeportionofthearrangedlaborersisactuallyinthestateofunemploymentThemunicipalgovernmentofShanghaiisresponsib,thecityhasarrangedjobsforanaccumulatednumberofmorethan450,,thenumberofpeople"changingfromruraltonon-ruralregistration"becauseoflandrequisitioninthesuburbanareasofBeijingreached205,,114,000peoplewereofworkingageand53,000peopleweregivenjobs,,farmerswererelativelylow,,amongthearrangedland-lostlaborers,,LugouqiaoTownship,FengtaiDistrictofBeijing,morethan1,100laborersfromthreepro,apartfromasmallnumberofpeoplewhoareworkingintheenvironmentandhygiene,publictransportationandhouseadministrationdepartments,morethan90percentofthosewhogotthejobsareunemployed.DengYusongResearchReportNo110,omiccontroleffortsgraduallydeliveringtheireffect,thegrowthofGDPisexpectedtoslightlyslidebackinthesecondhalfofthisyear,andthat,tosomeextent,,theoveralldemandforenergyispredictedtoreear,andpriceswillrem,%,fixedassetsinvestmentincoalexploitationandwashindustryincreasedby54%comparedwiththesameperiodof2003,,rawcoaloutputforthisyearisexpectedtoincreaseby15%orsocomparedwith2003,thatis,,becauseofchangesinChina’scoalexportpolicy,estimatedcoalexportofthisyearwilldecreaseby10milliontonsorsocomparedwith2003,,thenationalmacro-controlmeasurestargetinghighenergy-consumptionindustries,suchassteel,cementandelectrolyticaluminum,willcontinuetowork,andgrowthofcoaldemandinsuchmajorcoal-consumptionindustriesasmetallurgy,antityoffossilfuelpowerutilizationhoursin2003,itisexpectedthatthegrowthrateoffossilfuel,,coalpriceshaveshownsignofstabilizing,,onlythemainprovincesfromwherecoalistransferred,suchasShanxi,InnerMongoliaandShaanxi,,,itisexpectedthatthecoalpricewillwitnessaslowergrowthinthesecondhalfofthisyear,rter,butwilleaseinthefourthquarterInthefirstfivemonthsof2004,nationalnewlybuiltgeneratorstotaling8,756,500kilowattscameonline,andthisyearitispredictedtobeapproximateby40,000,,duetoheavyloadoffossilfuelpowerinthesecondhalfof2003,thereislittlespacefo,%comparedwith2003.ResearchReportNo131,2003Notlongago,theauthorwenttomakeasurveyontheprivateinvestmentinZhejiangProvincewiththestudytourofAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce(ACFIC),,eNote:"privateinvestment"inthisarticlereferstothepartoftotalinvestmentafterdeductingthestate-owned(includingstate-ownedholding)andforeignenterprises’(includingHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan),privateeconomyhasdevelopedrapidly,,,,pushedbytheproactivefinancialpolicy,privat,theprovince’,ZhejiangProvincerealized412billionyuanofGDP,,,ntheprovince:,theprivateeconomyinZhejiangProvincehasbeenconcentratedinthetraditionalprocessingmanufacturing,wholesale,retailandc,withthedevelopmentofmarketeconomyandimprovementofinvestmentenvironment,privateenterpriseshavestartedtoactivel,theprivateinvestmentinvolvessuchareasasmanufacturing,realestate,transportationandtelecommunications,agriculture,forestryandwaterconservancy,culture,sports,educationandpublichealth,propertymanagement,,sometrialinvestmentactivities(suchasprivatehospitals,schoolsandtourismresorts),withtheadvanceofurbanrenovationplanoflocalgovernmentsatvariouslevels,privateinves,privateinvestmentactivitiesaremostlyofsmallscaleandtheirpro,withthegrowthofprivateeconomyandimprovementofinvestmentenvironment,thesmall-scaleanddisperszonescharacterizedby"governmentassistanceandenterpriseoperation".Suchpolicyhasnotonlyattractedagreatdealofprivatecapital,,theGovernmentofTaizhoucityprovided2squarekilometersoflandtoanenterprisegroup,,theleadingprivateenterprisewouldattractsomeenterprisesthatproduceupper-reachandlower-reachproductsorrelevantproductsonthebasisofoneorseveralcoreproducts(services),alargenumberofinvestmentprojectsareconcentratedinarelativelysmallarea,,,,theexport-orientedtypeofinvestmenttendstobeaccelerate,,Zhejiang,onthecoastalfront,,,theprovince’,theyhavemademucheffortincreatinganinvestmentenv,activelytransferringgovernmentfun,theGovernmentofZhejiangProvincehastakenmeasurestopromoteprivateinvestmentbyopeningmoreinvestmentfields,reducingex,speed,,theinvestmentprojectmanagementdepartmentshavetakentheleadinreformingtheprojectexaminationandapprovalsystemwhichbearsastrongcolourofaplannedeconomyandhasbeenpracticedinthecountryformanyyearsinordertosimplifytheexaminatio,expandingfsinobtainingloans,thefinancialinstitutionsinZhejiangProvincecreatedandspri,theprovincehasformed1,’sentryintotheWTO,ZhejiangProvincelauncheda"ProjectfortheCreditofaMillionEnterprises"thecreditoftheprovinceandtoestablishtheenterprisecreditsystemincludingcreditrecord,punishmentforbreachoffaith,,2003,Zhejiangbecamethefirstinsettingupthecountry’slargestonlinecreditinquirysystemattheprovinciallevel,whichcollectedthefirstbatchof500,000enterprises’"creditfiles".Asaresultofsubstantiallyimprovedcreditenvironment,,localbanksreportedanaverageoflessthan5percentofbadassets....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以LiZhijunToensurethehealthofthepeopleandthesafetyoftheirlives,protectthesafetyofanimalsandplants,tackletheoutbreakofpublichealthincident,itisnecessarytostandardizeandimproveChina’,China,asamemberoftheWorldTradeOrganization(WT0),mustpayattentiontofollowtheprinciplesandrequirementslaiddowninWTO’s"ImplementationoftheAgreementofPublicHealthandPlantHygieneMeasures".handPlantHygieneControlSystemThemeasuresforpublichealthandplanthygienemeanthemeasuresadoptedbythestatetoprotectlivesorhealthofhumanbeings,animalsandplantstorealizethefollowingobjectives:protectpeople’slivesfrombeingharmedbyadditivesinfoodandbeverage,pollutants,toxinandanimalandplantdiseasesandinsectpestsfromoutside,protectanimallivesfrombeingharmedbyadditivesinfodder,pollutants,toxinandplantdiseasesandinsectpestsfromoutside,andprot’sRepublicofChinain1949,Chinahasestablishedanimprovedpublichealthandplanthygieneprotectionsystemincludingtechnicalregulations,rules,standardauthentication,,(SARS)hasexposedChina’simperfectmechanisminhandlingmajorandoutbreakofincidentsinpublichealth,thelackofunifiedleadership,pluggedinformationchannelsandinsufficient,backwarddiseasecontrolsystem,lackofunderstandingofinternationalstandards,technicalregula,,animalsandplantsnorofferthelatestforeigninformationtothepublic,nortimelyprovideChina’,thesepracticesareoftenblamedbyforeigncounterpartsaslacking"transparentprinciple"and"non-discriminationprinciple",,theperiodforstandardrevisionandreexaminationistoolong,someindustriesorproductshavenostandardsoftheirown,appraisingmethods,,thepresentpublichealthandplanthygienemeasurescannotmeettheneedsofeconomicgrowthorprotecthealthandsafetyofpeople,’"ImplementationoftheAgreementofPublicHealthandPlantHygieneMeasures",membersshouldfollowtheprincipleofindiscrimination,whichmeansnoarbitraryorirrationaldiscriminationshouldtakeplaceamongmemberswiththesameorsimilarsituationincludingthegivenmemberandothermembers,andthenationaltreatmentinproductsshouldbegiventoothermembersintheaspectofcontrol,ationoflackofscientificbasisshouldbetehygienestricterthantheinternationalstandards,theymustbeprovidedwithscientificbasis,oraccordwiththe"appropriatepublichealthandplanthygieneprotectionstandards""ImplementationoftheAgreementofPublicHealthandPlantHygieneMeasures"jectivelymeettheproperprotectionstandardsofpublichealthandplanthygieneofanimporter,theimportershouldacceptthesemeasuresandallowtheimportofproductsevenifthemeasuresarenotthesameasthatoftheimport"non-epidemicareaofplantdiseasesandinsectpests"and"areawithlowpercentageofplantdiseasesandinsectpests".Iftheexporterclaimsallorpartofhistariffterritoryarenon-epidemicareaofplantdiseasesandinsectpestsandareawithlowpercentageofplantdiseasesandinsectpests,,theexportershouldoffertheimporterwitharationalopportunityofexaminationandotherrelevantproceduresattherequestoftheimporter....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、钰盈AG猛龙传奇用户至上皇都登陆entplan,,"tosupportresearchoncommontechnologies"h,theIndustrialTechnologyDevelopmentBasePlanandotherrelevantplans,ex,researchoncommontechnologiesisalwaysmixedwithproductdevelopmentprojectsingovernmentplans,,oneofthemaintasksofthe242scientificacademiesandresearchinstitutesdirectlyunderthe10StatebureaussubordinatedtotheformerStateEconomicandTradeCommissionwastoconductresearchoncommontechnologieswithintheindustry,with12largescientificacademiesandresearchinstitutes,includingtheBeijingCentralIronSteelResearchInstitute,constitutrryingoutresearchonthecommontechnologiesofmosto,someacademiesandresearchinstitutesarestillengagedinresearchoncommontechnologies,butthereexistsgreatcontroversyastowhethertheseacademiesandinstituteshavereducedtheirinputinsuchresearchandwhetherthemanagerialsystemoftheseacademiesandinstitutesisfavorabletorese,whichisinlinewithpublicfinancialprinciplesandinternationalrulesandmeetstherequirementsofindustrialtechnologyupgradingandinternationalcompetition,hasnotyetbeenestablishedInstancesofthegovernmentsubsidizingenterprisesintheirproductdevelopmentand"constructionworkandprojectdevelopment"stillexist,whichgivesrisetoanabsurdsituation:ontheonehand,thegovernmentisconstantlyprovidingfinancialaidinrespectofproductdevelopmentandscaledproductionincompetitivefields,andontheotherhand,therehasnotbeenanybreakthroughinsomekeycommontechnologiesforalongtimeduetolackoffunds,xplicitlydefined,whichleadstothefactthatthereisnounifiedstandardontheselectionofcommontechnologyprojectsanddefinitepolicytargets,montechnologies(1)Itlacksunityandcoherenceanddoesnotgiveprominencetothekeypoints;theorganizationformissingleThegovernmentlacksclearcategories,,theonlyorganizationalformisthatofdirectfinancialaid.(2)TheprincipleoftakingtheindustryastheguideisnotgivendueprominenceResearchoncommontechnologiesisdifferentfromlaboratoryresearchinthefactthatitshouldaimtomeettheneedsofenterprises,,however,inrespectofprojectselection,thetechnologyrouteisprimarilydeterminedbythegovernmentorscientists,andtheenterprises’demandsoncommontechnologiesarenotadequatelyreflected;intermsoffunding,thegovernmenthasnotestablishedamulti-levelandmulti-channelfundinputmechanism;andintermsofselectionofresponsibleunits,therequirementfortheenterprisestoparticipateintheresearchisnothighlighted.(3)ThemanagementandorganizationoftheresearchoncommontechnologiesarenotrationalFirstly,themanagerialsystemofthescientificacademiesandresearchinstitutes,themainforceinresearchoncommontechnologiesinChina,,thedeepeningofthestructuralreformofthemarketeconomyinChinaandthecontinuouslyintensifyingmarketcompetitionathomeandabroadallrequiretheenterprisestobecometherealmainstayofinnovationandestablishmorerationalandeffectiveorganizationandmanagementpatternswhichcanmotivatetheenterprises(4)Thespreadoftheachievementsofcommontechnologiesisnotgivenfullattention,andtherelacksrelevantpolicytoencourageresearchoncommontechnologies,especiallypoliciesonintellectualpropertyThepolicytoencouragethediffusionofcommontechnologiesismainlyreflectedintwoaspects:oneistoencourageknowledge-sharingandadvantagecomplementationinthecourseofcooperativeresearch,theotheristomakeanintellectualpropertypolicywhichc,itisquitecommonforoneun,agreatdealoftheachievementsoftheresearchesfundedbythegovernmentremainwithintheresearchunits,andtherearenospecificevaluationsandresponsibilityrestraintsonwhhnologiesFirstly,afterChina’saccessiontotheWTO,thegovernment’slinks,itsfinancialaidtoindustrialtechnologyresearchanddevelopmentandtheproportionandformoffundingarerestrictedbyrelate,Chinawillhavetoadjustthepositionand,itisnecessarytoestabli,thegovernmentcannotdirectlysubsidizeproductresearchanddevelopmentandmanufacturing,ommontechnologieswithi,itisnecessarytopromotetheupgradingofindustrialtmitatingforeigntechnologiestorealizeeconomicgrowthcannotgoonforlong,andthesustain,mostindustriesinChinahaveenteredthestagewherethereisanurgentneedforaforwardleapintheindustrialtechnologylevelandabreakthroughinagreatmanykeycommontechnologies,therefore,theindustrialcommunity’,concentrateonthecrucialpointsandbreakthroughthetechnologicalbottlenecksareveryrealandpressingproblems....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenJinliangSinceChinastartedreformandopening-up,,theurbanizationlevelhasreachedaround37%.Therapidincreaseofthenumberandscaleofcitieshasplacedagreatdemandforurbanutilities.[1]Butduetoalackofgovernmentfunds,theutilitiesinvestmentsystemmerelyguidedbygovernmentinvestmenthasm,theexistenturbanutilitieshavenotgiv"bottleneck"thathinderingthesustaineddevelopmentofChina’,theStatehasmadeitclearthattheurbanutilitiesconstructionandoperationwillbeopentoprivateandforeigninvestmentinordertoabandonthetraditionalgovernment-dominateddevelopmentpattern,buildastructureofdiversifiedinvestorsandowners,introducecompetitionandquickentheconstructionandimprovetheefficiencyofthecountry’banFacilitiesinChinaSincethebeginningofthe1990s,Chinahasseenarapiddevelopmentofbasicurbanfacilitieswiththetotalinvestmentvo’surbanconstructionindicatesthatduringtheEighthFive-YearPlan,thetotalinvestmentintheurbanbasicfacilityconstructionandmaintenancewas260billionyuan,,,thetotalinvestmentinthecountry’sbasicfacilityconstructionandmaintenancereached250millionyuan,anincreaseof34%,%.Duringtheeighthandninthfive-yearplans,%%.Ithit2%,%.Thefigurewasstilllowcomparedwiththatoftheforeigncountriesduringtheirmassiveconstructionperiod–from3%to8%.(CurrentSituationandReformOrientationofChina’sUrbanUtilityInvestmentandFinancing,QinHong,MinistryofConstruction,March2004)Intermsofsourcesoffunds(Chart1),first,before1995,thecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernments’allocatedmoney,"twoitemsoffund"(urbanmaintenancetaxandeducationsurtax),andpolicy-basedfees(includingurbanconstructionadditionalfeeandcapacityincrementfee,highwaytollfee,urbanfacilityusefeeandotherfees--after1996,thegovernmentcancelledvariouskindsofimproperchargestoreducetheburdentoenterprises.)madeupmorethan90%,thegovernmentfundsupportdecreasedto52%in2001evenincludingthetreasurybond,landuserighttransferincome(Inthemid-andlate1990s,withthespreadandimprovementofthesystemofnon-gratuitouslanduse,mostofthecitiesstartedtousetheincomefromlan,somecitiesactedtoincreasethevtionandlanduseoperationpositivelyinteracted)andtheincomefromtheoperationofintangibleassets.(Inrecentyears,citieshavesold,throughbidding,thenamingandadvertisingrightsofthecityroads,squares,greenareas,lampposts,’,withthereformofchargingandpricing,thepublicutilityenterpriseshavesubstantiallyinc%ofthetotalin2001,risingfrom9%,in1986,only320millionyuanofbankloanswereusedforurbanconstruction,%,themarketizationprocessforpublicutilitieshassteppedup,,morethan60%ofthecitiesusedbankloansforurbanconstruction,,%,in2001,directprivateandforeigninvestmenthasbeenattractedthroughthetransferofoperatingconcessions(suchasthetaxioperationrightsandbuslineoperatingconcessions),revitalizingstockassets(throughthetransferofoperatingrightsoffixedasset,ofstocktransferandpropertytransferoftollways,tapwaterplantsandsewagetreatmentplants),BOTprojects,,%ofthetotalinvestmentinthatyear.XiaoJunyanRuraleconomicsituationin2003presentedthefollowingoutstandingcharacteristics:Firstofall,SARSepidemicseriouslyaffectedfarmers’income,farmers’’’,,thesituationoffarmproductsmarketturnedbetterwiththepickupofpric,nandruraldevelopmentasawhole,continuouslycarryingoutthereformofruraltaxationandfeesandgraindistributionsystem,carryingoutanumberofkeypoliciessuchasgivingmoreinvestmentforeducation,,,(GDP).Theoutstandingch,,,,,,,,upfivepercentover2002;,up3percent;,,,usedthe,(onehectareequals15mu)andthegrossoutputreached540milliontons,’incomeFarmers’netincomein2003averaged2,622yuanpercapita,:(1),541yuanpercapitainthewholeof2003,(2)Wageincomebecameamainsourceforfarmers’hewholeof2003,,,incomefromnon-agro-sectorworkwas514yuanpercapita,banareastoreturnhome,therapidgrowthofillionin2003,anincreaseoffivemillionover2002.(3),,,,,savingsdepositsofruralcreditcooperativesnationwidetotaled2,,,,overthebeginningoftheyear,,,,,overthebeginningoftheyear,,culturalloansofba,660billionyuanin2003,,596billionyuan,up14percent;businessincomeof14,600billionyuan,;goodsdeliveredforexporttotaling1,387billionyuan,up20percent;profitsamountingto855billionyuan,up13percent;taxesreaching270billionyuan,up15percent;paymentforemployeescomingto900billionyuan,;andthenumberofemployeesbytheendoftheyearamountingto135million,、DVORLiShantong,HouYongzhi,ficientofvariation(1)FromthefoundationofnewChina1949to1978,,intheearlyyearsofreformthegapwasstillgreatbetweentheeastern,,,,,,,atoftheconsumptionlevel.(2)Asindicatedbythechangesintheregionalgapsince1990,theregionalgapwidenssharplywhentheeconomygrowsatafastpaceandlesssowheneconomicgrowthslows.(3),thegapinGDPpercapitabetweeneachprovincialunitisgreaterthanthatintheconsumption,thethreecurvesofGDPpercapita,consumptionlevelandincomepercapitaofurban/,,supportrenderedbytheeconomicallyadvancedprovincesandcentralgovernmentalagenciestotheeducationandmedicalcaresectorsincentralandwesternregions,particularlythewesternregionofthecountry,contributestotheimprovementofthelivingstandardsandsocialprogressthere.ZhangXiaojiZhangQiTheintegrationofthetextileandclothingtradewithGATTcreatesgoodopportunitiesforChina’stextileandcloth,thepossibilitythatimportersmaypracticenewtradeprotectionan,takingintoaccountofthepossibleexternalconditions,Chinashouldformulateexportadministrationgoalsandstrategiesforre-establishingthemanagementsystem,acceleratethereformofindustrialintermediateorganizationsandexportentities,regulatecompetitiveactivities,soastocreateafavorableenvironmentforChina’’s,linen,silka,China’sfibresupplyhit17,500,000tons[1],,petitivenessisrisingintheworldmarket[2].Astotalvalueoftheglobaltextiletradehasdecreased,China’,China’stextileandclothingexportsstoodatUS$73,350,000,000,representing20%’snationaleconomicdevelopmentFirst,exportisanimp’stextileandclothingproduction’s,China’,in2003,China’stotaltextileproductionwasRMB1,337billionyuanandthesalesrevenuereachedRMB1,,%.Second,textileandclothingexportplaysacriticalroleinChina’’stextileenterprisesabsorbedmorethan18millionpersons[3].Nearly100millionfarmersengagedinrawmaterialproductionoftextilefibreorsimilarindustries[4].Third,textileandclothingexportcontributesgreatlytoChina’,%,thetradesurplusoftextilesandclothingwasUS$54billionoverdoublethatoftheChina’,China’’stextileandclothingexporthashugegrowthpotentialWithitscomparativeadvantagesinlabor,processingandproductioncapability,Chinaha,USandJapanarethethreemainimportersoftextilesandclothingintheworld,respectivelyrepresenting39%,22%and7%,,China’stextilesandclothingrespectivelyaccountedfor45%and77%ofJapan’simportmarketandonlyrepresented4%/11%and12%/14%ofthatinEuropeandUSmarketwhereChina’,theeliminationofquotarestrictionsin2005willfacilitateChina’stextileandclothingexportstoEuropeandtheUS,andthenChina’sexpor,thereisapossibilitythatChina’stextileandclothingexportwillaccountforabout30%’smarketshareis50%.CompletereleaseofChina’’scurrenttotalproductionisUS$160billionorso,includingexportanddomesticconsumptionofrespectivelyUS$70billionandmorethanUS$%oftheworldtotalexports,itsproductionneedstoincreasebyoverUS$100billion,%,China’sGDPmayincreaseby3%,andthetextileandclothingemploymentmayincreasefrom15milliontonearly30millionandpeopleenga,onJanuary1,’stextilepracticedrestriction,002,China’,quotaren,limitedgrowthofimportmarketconsumptionandincreasingfiercenessofexportcompetitionl’policypreferenceswillalsoincreaseuncertaintyofChina’’stextileandc’sProtocolofAccession,China’stex,impor,in2005~2008,theycanindividuallysetrestrictionstolimitChina’sexportgrowthaccordingtoprovisionsonspecialrestrictionsoftextiles(paragraph242,ReportoftheWorkingGroupontheAccessionofChina)[5].Second,in12yearssinceChina’sentry,importerscan,atdiscretion,takeprotectionactionsagainstChina’sspecificproductsaccordingtoSection16ofChina’,importerscancontinuetopracticediscriminatedanti-dumpingmeasurestoChinaforaslongas15yearsaccordingtoSection15ofChina’hroughlegalprocess,rovisions,restrictedproductsexportcanstillmaintainacertaingrowthandtheimpactonChina’ingprovision,sotheywillhavethemostseriousimpactonChina’,becauseanti-dumpinginvestigationneedstogothroughlegalprocessandcomplicatedformalitiesandtakestoomuchtime,,theTransitionalProduct-specificSafeguardMechanismisanadministrativemeasureandtherestrictioncanbeconductedintwoways,,,,theTransitionalProduct-specificSafeguardMechanismmaybecomethefirstmainthreattoChina’stextileexport....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------[1]Domesticfibreproductionandfibreimports.[2]In1980,China’stextilesandclothingproductionwasUS$4,410,000,000,%ofthetotaloftheworldandrankingthe9thintheworld.[3]Estim(nonstate-ownedenterpriseswithannualsalesrevenueofRMB5millionsandstate-ownedenterprises)absorbed7,890,000people.[4]AccordingtoestimateofChinaNationalTextilesIndustryCouncil.[5]Exportsofoneormo%each,comparedwiththose12monthsbeforethenegotiations.’,comparedwiththeworld’sadvancedlevel,Chinastilllagsbehindinthefieldofindustrialstructure,coretechnology,managerialskill,,ChinashouldadoptvariousmeasurestoencouragetechnicalrenovationandtoincreasetheproportionofproductswithChina’sownintellectualpropertyrights,thusrealizingthetransitionfromalargeelectronicandinftionalmarket,China’scomprehensivecompetitivenessmaybeenhancedasawhole,’sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO),importan,thereisnotatradeassociationthatrealetitionamongChineseenterprisesonbothdomesticandinternationalmarketsandcausedtradedisputes,,tradeassociation,asa"thirddepartment"besidesgovernmentandenterprises,hasactedasabridgebetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesandmarket,andalsoasasocialorganizationthatpromotesself-discipline,’sreformofmarketeconomicsystemdeepens,itisnecessaryforChinatoestablisharealmarketizedtradeassociationassoonaspossibleinordertoensurethesustained,’smajorelectronicandinformationproductsmanufacturerskeepmovingtheirproductionbasestoChina,’factoriesinChina,localChineseenterpriseslaalChineseenterprises,andthekeyistofindeffectivewaystocombinelocalizationwithglobalresourceallocationandtoseeknewdevelopm。

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